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Types of Braces: Traditional Metal

Types of Braces: Traditional Metal

While there are many types of braces available these days, traditional metal braces are still the what most people think of when they picture braces. Today, our Surrey orthodontists talk a little about these classic orthodontic appliances.

In spite of a growing variety of options, traditional metal braces are still the most common teeth straightening treatment for orthodontic patients.

However, metal braces have changed a lot over the years. Today’s metal braces are significantly smaller, lower profile, and more comfortable than previous iterations.

What are metal braces made of?

Unsurprisingly, metal braces are made of – you guessed it – metal! Typically, they’re made of high quality stainless steel or titanium.

Metal braces consist of 3 main parts:


The brackets are the part of the braces that are attached to the teeth using special bonding material that holds them in place.


The archwire is the thin length of metal wire that connects the brackets to each other. It functions to put pressure on the teeth to guide them into their new positions.

Ligature Elastic (otherwise known as “rubber bands”)

Your elastics are the colored (or clear) ties that hold the archwires to the brackets. Your orthodontist will change the elastics at each appointment, allowing you to switch colours each time, if you like.

How do metal braces work?

Braces exert continuous pressure on your teeth, and the force of this pressure is what moves them into the correct positions.

Each time you visit your orthodontist during treatment, he will likely tighten the archwires and replace your rubber bands. These steps are necessary to make sure your treatment progresses.

Metal Braces Are for Everyone

Traditional metal braces continue to be among the most popular and most cost-effective orthodontic treatments available. That being said, each patient is different, and your orthodontist can help you determine what treatment is best for your individual case.

Please contact the orthodontists at Guildford Orthodontic Centre in Surrey today to schedule an appointment and learn more about how braces can enhance your smile.


Book your first consultation today with our experienced Orthodontists in Surrey.